Advanced Cleaning - Turnouts
How often should structural firefighting garments be cleaned?
At least every 12 months or as soon as possible after contamination or exposure to smoke, blood or body fluids, or hazardous substances.
At least every six months or as soon as possible after contamination or exposure to smoke, blood or body fluids or hazardous substances.
When visual appearance of coat and pants become unsightly.
Only after contamination or exposure to smoke, blood or body fluids, or hazardous substances.
Cleaning solutions should have what pH range?
No less than 4.5 and no more than 8.0
No less than 6.0 and no more than 10.5
No less than 7.5 and no more than 15.0
No less than 7.5 and no more than 10.0
Before using a specialty cleaner, spot cleaner or pre-treatment, always read the MSDS sheets.
Small amounts of chlorine bleach can be used to remove soiling if applied with cold water.
Which structural firefighting components can be washed together?
Outer shells and protective hoods
None, all must be washed separately
Outer shells and liner systems
Outer shells, liner systems and Drag Rescue Device
Wash temperature should not exceed:
98.6 degrees Fahrenheit
90 degrees Fahrenheit
110 degrees Farhenheit
105 degrees Farhenheit
Structural protective clothing should be cleaned with a normal cycle setting.
Extractor setting speeds should be set lower than:
Extractors should not be used
The proper method for drying garments is to:
Place in dryer on gentle cycle
Place in dryer on tumble dry cycle
Hang outside in the sun for six hours
Hang in shaded area that receives good cross ventilation
Materials that are normally flame resistant can ignite if:
Don't have a DRD
Impregated with oil, grease or soot
Have been in service longer than three years
Have leather knee reinforcements
Only a verified ISP should attempt to decontaminate structural firefighting garments.
Advanced Cleaning may be performed by:
Only the manufacturer
Any fire fighter on active duty
Trained fire department personnel or a Verified ISP
Contaminated garments should be isolated and removed from service.
Turnouts and ensemble elements contaminated by CBRN terrorism agents must be retired after confirmed exposure and are not to be subjected to cleaning or decontamination.
When preparing to wash, remove:
Only the Drag Rescue Device
Drag Rescue Device and suspenders
When washing turnout components, how many times should you machine rinse?
Machine rinsing is not recommended because it will shorten the wear life of the garment
You should only use a front-loading extractor or front-loading washing machine with a tumbling action for cleaning turnouts. Why?
Top-loading machines become easily unbalanced when cleaning turnouts and leads to premature wear of the agitator.
Contaminants from your turnout will cause a top-loading machine to corrode and the corrosion can damage the protective fibers in your gear.
The agitator on a top-loading machine may damage the garment and reduce its durability and protective value.
A front-loading machine does not usually have EPA approved water filtration so the wash water cannot be discharged into the sewer system.
It's acceptable to clean your turnout at a laundromat as long as they have a front-loading washing machine.
If you use your machine to wash items other than PPE, you must:
Rinse out by running the machine without a laundry load and with detergent and the water level filled to maximum level through a complete cycle
Rinse out by running the machine with chlorine bleach through a complete cycle
Wait 24 hours before using the machine again.
Never use the machine for PPE again.
When cleaning, all hardware and closures should be engaged and the outer shell turned inside/out.
Lion Group, Inc.
| 7200 Poe Avenue, Suite 400 | Dayton, OH 45414