Basic Repair of Turnouts
What NFPA Fire Department Standard addresses Basic Repair requirements?
Basic Repair may be performed:
Using the same methods as the manufacturer and any material certified to meet NPFA 1971 standards.
Using scrap material in good condition from retired garments.
Using the same methods and like material as used by the original manufacturer.
Using the same equipment models and like material used by the original manufactuer.
Basic Repair consists of (check all that apply):
Repairing skipped, broken and missing stitches on the outer shell.
Replacing missing or damaged hardware on the outer shell, excluding positive closure systems.
Closing the liner system following a Complete Liner Inspection.
Patching damaged moisture barriers up to four square inches.
Replacing reflective trim up to one linear foot.
Replacing any missing or damaged hardware on the shell, including positive closure systems.
Patching minor tears, char marks and ember burns on the outer shell.
What departmental personnel may perform Basic Repair on turnouts?
Any individual fire fighter
Before starting any repair:
Garments should be cleaned and the liner system separated from the outer shell.
Garments should be cleaned.
Garments should be dry cleaned.
The liner system should be separated from the outer shell.
A minor seam is defined as:
Any seam in the outer shell of the coat or pants.
Any seam that requires FR thread.
Any seam used to attach items that are not critical to the structure of a turnout.
Any seam less than 12 linear inches.
When replacing broken or missing stitches, you must: (check all that apply)
Back stitch to set the thread.
Repair the damaged stitches with the same type of stitch as the original.
Use the same type thread as the manufacturer.
Consult the manufacturer if there is damage to more than one continuous inch of stitching.
You must use the same brand and model sewing machine as the manufacturer.
When repairing missing stitches on the outer shell, you must over stitch the damaged area by how many stitches?
Over stitching is not required
A patch to the outer shell can be no larger than:
Five square inches.
Six square inches.
Four square inches.
One square foot.
Ten square inches.
The finished edge of a patch to the outer shell must extend:
One quarter inch beyond the damaged area in all directions.
One inch beyond the damaged area in all directions.
One half inch beyond the damaged area in all directions.
Two inches beyond the damaged area in all directions.
How should you repair a five-inch tear in your outer shell?
You are not permitted to repair a tear that long and need to send the garment to the manufacturer or a verified ISP.
Attach a patch to the front that extends one quarter inch beyond the damaged area in all directions.
Affix FR fabric binding tape to the back of the outer shell, then attach a patch to the front that extends one quarter inch beyond the damaged area in all directions.
Affix FR fabric binding tape to the back of the outer shell, then attach a patch to the front that extends one inch beyond the damaged area in all directions.
When repairing reflective trim, the patch's size cannot exceed:
6 linear inches.
5 linear inches.
3 linear inches.
8 linear inches.
When repairing reflective trim, the damaged area should be:
Perforated to allow heat to escape and patched over.
Removed from the garment.
Left on the garment, but patched over.
Painted with FR fabric touchup paint that is certified to meet NFPA 1971.
If replacing trim requires sewing into a Major A seam:
Remove the damaged trim and place the patch within 5mm of the Major A seam.
Perform the repair by hand.
The repair must be performed by the manufacturer or a verified ISP.
Retire the garment, a Major A seam cannot be repaired.
What is the maximum number of patches you can have per stripe of trim?
One per every 18 inches
There is no limit
Trained personnel are permitted to replace the following hardware:
Any hardware but positive closure systems on the coat and pants.
Any hardware but zippers.
Any hardware but positive closure systems on the coat.
Positive closures on coats or pants are:
Hooks and D-rings, zippers and Velcro.
Hooks and D-rings and snaps.
Hooks and D-rings, zippers, Velcro and snaps.
Hooks and D-rings and zippers.
Closing the hem of your liner system:
Can only be performed by a verified ISP or the manufacturer.
Requires a higher level of skill than patching or replacing stitches.
Is a simple repair that requires very little skill or experience.
Is optional if both the thermal liner and moisture barrier have a finished edge.
All basic repairs to turnout gear should be inspected before returning the gear to service.
All Basic Repairs must:
Be documented and kept on file by the fire department.
Be inspected by the manufacturer or a verified ISP before being returned to service.
Undergo NFPA 1971 testing methods for strength and flame resistance before being returned to service.
Be tested in a training environment before being returned to service.
Lion Group, Inc.
| 7200 Poe Avenue, Suite 400 | Dayton, OH 45414